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King Edward Plantagenet, III

Male 1313 - 1377  (63 years)


Personal Information    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    Event Map    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Edward Plantagenet  [1, 2
    Prefix King 
    Suffix III 
    Born 13 Nov 1313  Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 21 Jun 1377  Sheen Place Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Westminister, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I3955  Main
    Last Modified 30 Sep 2009 

    Father Edward II Plantagenet, King of England,   b. 25 Apr 1284, Caernarvon Castle, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Sep 1327, Castle Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 43 years) 
    Mother Isabella of France,   b. 1292, Paris, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Aug 1358, Castle Rising, Norfolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 66 years) 
    Family ID F1563  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Philippa of Hainault,   b. 24 Jun 1311,   d. 14 Aug 1369, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years) 
    Married 24 Jan 1328 
    Children 
    +1. John of Gaunt Plantagenet, Duke of Lancaster,   b. Mar 1340,   d. 3 Feb 1399, Leicester, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 58 years)
    Last Modified 30 Sep 2009 
    Family ID F1562  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 13 Nov 1313 - Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 21 Jun 1377 - Sheen Place Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • From: http://www3.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedlkup/n=royal?royal01229

      Reigned 1327-1377. Edward assumed effective power in 1330 after imprisoning his mother and executing her lover Roger de Mortimer who had murdered his father; therafter his reign was dominated by military adventures. His victory in Scotland, especially at Haildon Hill 1333 encouraged him to plan (1363) the union of England and Scotland. Through his mother he claimed the French throne thus starting (1337) the Hundred years war. His son John of Gaunt dominated the government during his last years. Died of a Stroke.

      From:  http://www.royal.gov.uk/output/Page66.asp

      EDWARD III (r. 1327-77)

      Edward III was 14 when he was crowned King and assumed government in his own right in 1330. In 1337, Edward created the Duchy of Cornwall to provide the heir to the throne with an income independent of the sovereign or the state. An able soldier, and an inspiring leader, Edward founded the Order of the Garter in 1348.

      At the beginning of the Hundred Years War in 1337, actual campaigning started when the King invaded France in 1339 and laid claim to the throne of France. Following a sea victory at Sluys in 1340, Edward overran Brittany in 1342 and in 1346 he landed in Normandy, defeating the French King, Philip IV, at the Battle of Crécy and his son Edward (the Black Prince) repeated his success at Poitiers (1356). By 1360 Edward controlled over a quarter of France. His successes consolidated the support of the nobles, lessened criticism of the taxes, and improved relations with Parliament. However, under the 1375 Treaty of Bruges the French King, Charles V, reversed most of the English conquests; Calais and a coastal strip near Bordeaux were Edward's only lasting gain.

      Failure abroad provoked criticism at home. The Black Death plague outbreaks of 1348-9, 1361-2 and 1369 inflicted severe social dislocation (the King lost a daughter to the plague) and caused deflation; severe laws were introduced to attempt to fix wages and prices. In 1376, the 'Good Parliament' (which saw the election of the first Speaker to represent the Commons) attacked the high taxes and criticised the King's advisers. The ageing King withdrew to Windsor for the rest of his reign, eventually dying at Sheen Palace, Surrey.

  • Sources 
    1. [S924] Official Web Site of the British Monarchy, (http://www.royal.gov.uk/output/Page1.asp), 16 Feb 2004.

    2. [S926] Directory of Royal Genealogical Data, Brian C. Thompsett, (Department of Computer Science University of Hull Hull, UK, HU6 7RX).